Basic Crochet Stitches

There are 4 basic crochet stitches you will need to learn to be able to master the art of crochet. The stitches are single crochet, half double crochet, double crochet and treble crochet. Most crochet patterns use these 4 basic stitches and this handy guide will give you a quick reminder of how to create each one.

Basic crochet stitches for beginners

I would advise you to start learning to crochet one stitch at a time. The easiest stitch to learn is the single crochet, so I recommend starting with that and working your way up to the treble crochet. Top tip, when searching for beginner crochet patterns, check the abbreviations list before you begin to see what stitches will be used in the pattern.


AbbreviationStitch NameInstructions
sc Single crochetInsert hook & pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2
hdcHalf double crochetYarn over, insert hook & pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 3
dcDouble crochet Yarn over, insert hook & pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2, yarn over, pull through 2
trTreble crochetYarn over twice, insert hook & pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2, yarn over, pull through 2, yarn over, pull through 2
USA Terminology

Special Stitches

After you have mastered the 4 basic stitches there are some other special crochet stitches you can learn such as the bobble stitch, popcorn stitch, puff stitch and the quadruple treble crochet.

Involved Crochet Stitches

There are 100’s of involved crochet stitches to learn which can help to create amazing texture, styles and colour combinations. Some, like the moss stitch are very easy and suitable for beginners. Others, such as the diamond stitch are more complex and more suitable for advanced crocheters. Take a look at the A-Z of crochet stitches to find one you will love!

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